Memphis, TN Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Memphis, Tennessee - Basic Facts

The City of Memphis is the 2nd largest city in Tennessee with a population of 668,228 as of July 1, 2017. Memphis ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Tennessee. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Memphis is located at latitude 35.1028 and longitude -89.9774 in Shelby County. The formal boundaries for the City of Memphis (see map below) encompass a land area of 317.37 sq. miles and a water area of 8.95 sq. miles. Shelby County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 259 feet.

The City of Memphis (GNIS ID: 2405068) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Memphis is located within Commissioner District 3, a minor civil division (MCD) of Shelby County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Memphis population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Memphis, TN Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Commissioner District 3 | Shelby County | Tennessee Counties

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Memphis, TN Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 668,228
Daytime Population: Workers 433,385
Daytime Population: Residents 364,229
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 797,614
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.19
Population in Households 651,983
Population in Familes 504,040
Population in Group Qrtrs 16,245
Population Density2 2,106
Diversity Index3 58


Median Household Income $40,135
Average Household Income $60,977
Per Capita Income $23,964


Total Housing Units 303,802 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 126,577 (41.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 131,548 (43.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 45,677 (15.0%)
Median Home Value $107,979
Average Home Value $161,354


Total Households 258,125
Average Household Size 2.53
Family Households 155,763
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.34% 0.38%
Households 0.32% 0.37%
Families 0.11% 0.21%
Median Household Income   1.73%
Per Capita Income   2.37%

Memphis, TN - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Memphis to the other 427 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Tennessee by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density # 6 99th
Diversity Index # 14 97th
Median Household Income # 213 51st
Per Capita Income # 145 66th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Tennessee Census Data Comparison Tool.

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