Columbia, TN Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbia, Tennessee - Basic Facts

The City of Columbia had a population of 38,345 as of July 1, 2017. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Tennessee. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 35.6225 and longitude -87.0498 in Maury County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 31.81 sq. miles and a water area of 0.02 sq. miles. Maury County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 643 feet.

The City of Columbia (GNIS ID: 2404106) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Columbia is located within Commissioner District 1, a minor civil division (MCD) of Maury County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Columbia population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Columbia, TN Boundary Map

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Columbia, TN Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 38,345
Daytime Population: Workers 24,929
Daytime Population: Residents 21,617
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 46,546
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.21
Population in Households 37,527
Population in Familes 29,759
Population in Group Qrtrs 818
Population Density2 1,206
Diversity Index3 52


Median Household Income $43,162
Average Household Income $56,776
Per Capita Income $23,463


Total Housing Units 17,468 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 9,141 (52.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 6,388 (36.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,938 (11.1%)
Median Home Value $133,928
Average Home Value $169,823


Total Households 15,530
Average Household Size 2.42
Family Households 9,978
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 1.39% 1.42%
Households 1.43% 1.46%
Families 1.42% 1.32%
Median Household Income   2.24%
Per Capita Income   2.54%

Columbia, TN - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 427 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Tennessee by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 18 96th
Population Density # 47 89th
Diversity Index # 34 92nd
Median Household Income # 160 63rd
Per Capita Income # 162 63rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Tennessee Census Data Comparison Tool.

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